Prevention of Shoulder Injuries: Tips for Athletes and Active Individuals

Prevention of Shoulder Injuries: Tips for Athletes and Active Individuals

Shoulder injuries are common among athletes and active individuals, and they can be both painful and debilitating. They can range from minor muscle strains to serious injuries that require surgery. However, many of these injuries can be prevented by taking a few simple steps to protect the shoulder joint. In this blog post, we will discuss some tips for preventing shoulder injuries.

  1. Warm-up and Stretching: One of the most important things you can do to prevent shoulder injuries is to warm up and stretch before any physical activity. This helps to increase blood flow to the muscles and improve flexibility. You should stretch all the muscles around the shoulder joint, including the rotator cuff, the chest, and the upper back. This includes dynamic stretches. 
  2. Proper Technique: When performing any exercise or activity that involves the shoulder joint, it is important to use proper technique. This means keeping the shoulder in a neutral position by stabilizing the shoulder blades (scapulae) and the joint with the rotator cuff. and avoiding excessive force or twisting. You should also avoid lifting too much weight or performing too many repetitions until you have developed strength in the muscles. It is best to train with a coach to learn proper technique and avoid injuries.
  3. Gradual Progression: Another key factor in preventing shoulder injuries is gradual progression. You should start with low-intensity exercises and gradually increase the intensity and duration over time. This helps to build strength and endurance in the shoulder muscles, which can help prevent injury.
  4. Rest and Recovery: Rest and recovery are also important when it comes to preventing shoulder injuries. You should take breaks between workouts and avoid overtraining. You should also get enough sleep and eat a healthy diet to promote muscle recovery.
  5. Use Proper Equipment: When participating in sports or other physical activities, it is important to use proper equipment. This includes using the right size and weight of equipment, and wearing appropriate footwear. Using the wrong equipment can increase your risk of injury.
  6. Stay Hydrated: Drinking enough water is important for overall health and can also help prevent shoulder injuries. Dehydration can cause muscle cramps and fatigue, which can lead to poor form and increased risk of injury.
  7. Address Pain and Discomfort: If you experience any pain or discomfort in your shoulder, it is important to address it right away. Ignoring pain can lead to further injury and longer recovery time. Rest, heat, and over-the-counter pain medication can help relieve pain and inflammation, but ice and anti-inflammatory medication can delay healing.
  8. Get Regular Checkups: Finally, getting regular checkups with a healthcare provider can help prevent shoulder injuries. They can check for any underlying conditions that may increase your risk of injury and provide guidance on proper exercise technique and injury prevention.

6 benefits of physiotherapy courtesy of Coronation Physiotherapy Ltd 

Get professional help for your shoulder injury with physiotherapy

When it comes to treating shoulder injuries, physiotherapy can be a valuable tool in the recovery process. A physiotherapist can help you manage pain, improve range of motion, and strengthen the muscles around the shoulder joint. In this blog post, we will discuss how physiotherapy can help with shoulder injuries.

  1. Pain Management: One of the primary goals of physiotherapy for shoulder injuries is pain management. A physiotherapist can use various techniques to help alleviate pain, such as massage, heat therapy, and electrical stimulation. They can also teach you exercises and stretches that can help reduce pain and inflammation.
  2. Range of Motion: Another important aspect of physiotherapy for shoulder injuries is improving range of motion. A physiotherapist can work with you to develop a personalized exercise program that targets specific muscles and movements that are limited due to injury. This can help improve mobility and flexibility in the shoulder joint.
  3. Strengthening: Strengthening the muscles around the shoulder joint is crucial for preventing future injuries and promoting overall shoulder health. A physiotherapist can design a strengthening program that targets the muscles of the rotator cuff, the deltoids, and the upper back. Strengthening these muscles can improve stability in the shoulder joint and correct biomechanical problems, which can help prevent dislocations and other injuries.
  4. Rehabilitation after Surgery: If you have had surgery for a shoulder injury, physiotherapy is an essential part of the recovery process. A physiotherapist can help you regain strength and mobility in the affected shoulder, as well as manage pain and inflammation. They can also guide you through exercises and stretches that are safe for your specific post-surgery needs.
  5. Education: A physiotherapist can also educate you on proper posture and body mechanics to help prevent future shoulder injuries. They can teach you how to properly lift and carry heavy objects, as well as how to maintain good posture while sitting and standing. This can help reduce the stress and strain on the shoulder joint, which can prevent injuries over time.
  6. Customized Treatment: Every patient and every shoulder injury is unique, which is why a personalized treatment plan is so important. A physiotherapist can assess your specific needs and develop a customized treatment plan that addresses your individual goals and concerns. They can also adjust your treatment plan as needed based on your progress and any changes in your condition.

In conclusion, physiotherapy is an effective way to manage pain, improve range of motion, and strengthen the muscles around the shoulder joint. A physiotherapist can develop a customized treatment plan that addresses your specific needs and goals, whether you are recovering from a shoulder injury or looking to prevent one. If you are experiencing pain or limited mobility in your shoulder, consider consulting with a physiotherapist to help you get back to your active lifestyle.


This appointment is your opportunity to tell us what hurts and discover whether physiotherapy or chiropractic care is a good fit for you! During this session, you will talk with a physiotherapist or chiropractor on a phone call (or online) and create the right care plan specifically for your pain. There is no obligation on this session is to find out whether physiotherapy or chiropractic care can help you getting back to doing the things you love in life.

Frequently Asked Questions

If you have a shoulder injury, you should see a doctor or physiotherapist for a proper diagnosis. Your doctor will be able to tell if your shoulder is sprained or torn by examining your range of motion, testing your reflexes, and performing imaging tests such as an X-ray or MRI if necessary.

If left untreated, shoulder injuries can worsen and cause more serious damage. This could lead to chronic pain and reduced mobility. In some cases, surgery may be required to repair the damage.

When sitting with shoulder pain, it is important to maintain good posture and avoid putting too much pressure on your shoulder. You can also use a lumbar support cushion to provide extra support for your back. Additionally, you can place a pillow or cushion between your arm and body to help provide extra support and reduce pressure on your shoulder.

About Leigh Garvie

I am one of 43 Clinical Specialists in Canada and one of 4 Clinical Sports Specialists (the only one in Alberta). This is a designation by our national association and is based on clinical competence and reasoning, leadership, mentorship and other attributes. I have been dedicated to continuing education for myself, and by mentoring physiotherapy students over many decades. I have worked with many teams and sports over the years, including rugby, diving, gymnastics and others at local to international levels. I am a competitive swimmer, triathlete and trail runner, and enjoy walking and running with my dogs. I have received several awards, including the YWCA Award for Women of Distinction. I have served on several Boards of Directors and Executive committees of Sports Physiotherapy, Alberta Sport Medicine Council and other professional and community organizations.

Our goal at Coronation Physiotherapy is to provide the best treatment to our patients. This includes a full scanning examination to determine the cause of your issues. Treatment is multifaceted and is directed at alleviating symptoms as well as correcting the cause of your issues. We will educate you on self care and prevention of issues, and guide you to your return to your desired activities. 

Medical Disclaimer:

The information presented in this blog post is for educational purposes and should not be interpreted as medical advice. If you are seeking medical advice, treatment or a diagnosis, consult with a medical professional such as one suggested on this website. The Clinic Accelerator Inc. and the author of this page are not liable for the associated risks of using or acting upon the information contained in this article.

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