What Causes Scoliosis and What's The Best Way To Treat It?

What Causes Scoliosis and What's The Best Way To Treat It?

Scoliosis is a condition that affects the spine. It can cause the spine to curve in a 3-dimensional manner, and it affects children, adolescents, and adults. There are many different causes of Scoliosis, and scoliosis-specific physiotherapy is a recommended treatment option. In this blog post, we will discuss what Scoliosis is caused by and how physiotherapy can help treat it!

First, what is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis can be caused by a number of different things, including congenital defects, and neuromuscular conditions, but most often the cause is unknown. When the condition develops in teenagers, it is referred to as Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Treatment for Scoliosis typically depends on the severity of the condition, but physiotherapy is often recommended.

Scoliosis signs can include:

-The spine appears curved when looking at the person from the back

-One shoulder may appear higher

-One shoulder blade may stick out more

-The ribs may be more prominent on one side

-The waist may appear uneven

-The pelvis may appear to shift to one side

How can physiotherapy help scoliosis?

Physiotherapy can help Scoliosis by encouraging the spine to align in a more neutral position, and improving muscle strength to support this more neutral alignment. This may slow curve progression, improve posture, and address pain and other symptoms. If Scoliosis is left untreated, the curve may progress with age and may require surgery at some point.

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to the question of how to treat scoliosis, as the best approach will vary depending on the individual case. However, there are a few general tips that may help. First, it is important to understand that scoliosis is a condition that affects the spine, and as such, exercises that strengthen and support the spine can be beneficial. In addition, stretching exercises can help to improve flexibility and range of motion. Finally, it is important to maintain good posture and alignment. In some cases, back braces or spinal surgery are indicated as the most appropriate interventions. Physiotherapy can be done in conjunction with bracing. For people who require spinal surgery, scoliosis-specific physiotherapy is recommended to prepare a person for surgery (prehabilitation) and also in post-operative care.

Backpacks and Posture courtesy of The ScoliClinic (Read the caption)

What can worsen scoliosis?

In some cases, the scoliosis curve is mild and stable, and does not require treatment. However, in some cases, the curve may progress and may lead to the development of symptoms, and may require stronger treatments such as bracing or surgery. There are several factors that can contribute to the progression of scoliosis, including:

-A genetic predisposition: Scoliosis tends to run in families, so if you have a parent or grandparent with the condition, you may be more likely to develop it yourself.

-A structural issue: If a change occurs in the a change occurs in the bones or joints in the spine, it may lead to scoliosis.

-An imbalance in the muscles: If the muscles on one side of the spine are stronger than those on the other side, it may cause the spine to curve. Sometimes this is purely functional and can be addressed by treating the muscle imbalance. If the bones become affected, then it may require a more involved treatment approach.

-Injury: A back injury or major medical event (spinal cord injury, stroke, other neuromuscular conditions) can sometimes lead to the development of lead to the development of scoliosis.

If you suspect you have scoliosis, it’s important to find a Physiotherapist who can screen your posture, and suggest further imaging like an X-Ray. Research has shown that early identification and treatment leads to better outcomes. To find a top physiotherapy clinic near you just use the search box on this page.

Scoliosis Breathing + Movement For Relaxation courtesy of The ScoliClinic (Read the caption)


This appointment is your opportunity to tell us what hurts and discover whether physiotherapy or chiropractic care is a good fit for you! During this session, you will talk with a physiotherapist or chiropractor on a phone call (or online) and create the right care plan specifically for your pain. There is no obligation on this session is to find out whether physiotherapy or chiropractic care can help you getting back to doing the things you love in life.

Frequently Asked Questions

Scoliosis pain can feel like a dull ache or a sharp pain in different areas of the back. Sometimes, the neck, pelvis, shoulders, and hips also experience pain. the back or neck. It may be worse when you stand for long periods of time or do activities that require twisting or bending. Scoliosis pain is usually not severe, but it can become more bothersome as the condition progresses.

No, scoliosis cannot cause paralysis. However, if the condition is left untreated, it can progress and require more serious interventions such as spinal surgery progress and require more serious interventions such as spinal surgery.

There is no research to prove that one form of exercise is better than others for people with scoliosis. However, it is shown that maintaining general fitness through exercise is important for people with scoliosis. Walking is a low-impact activity that can help maintain a general level of fitness and cardiovascular health. 

About Andrea Mendoza

After providing Physiotherapy treatment to many teens diagnosed with scoliosis and observing their families’ anxiety and frustration with a lack of services, Physiotherapist Andrea Mendoza launched The ScoliClinic in 2016 as a solo practice dedicated to addressing families’ scoliosis-related physical & emotional needs. Fast forward to present day: with 3 locations in Canada, 1 in Australia, and a team of 30, The ScoliClinic’s reach has broadened beyond early expectations to fill gaps of the medical system, providing high quality scoliosis-specific Physiotherapy and Massage Therapy to kids, teens, and adults.

Blending pragmatic problem-solving with an appreciation for the social and emotional complexities of human interaction, Andrea is very intentional with the growth of The ScoliClinic. She works to create diverse and inclusive clinics, encouraging personal development of staff and clients.

Andrea combines her specialized scoliosis training with her enthusiasm for philosophy, business strategy, and healthcare leadership to continually evolve The ScoliClinic’s service to the scoliosis community, aiming to change the landscape of conservative scoliosis management in British Columbia and beyond.

Medical Disclaimer:

The information presented in this blog post is for educational purposes and should not be interpreted as medical advice. If you are seeking medical advice, treatment or a diagnosis, consult with a medical professional such as one suggested on this website. The Clinic Accelerator Inc. and the author of this page are not liable for the associated risks of using or acting upon the information contained in this article.

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