Discovering the Mysteries of Back Pain: What We Know and Don't Know

Discovering the Mysteries of Back Pain: What We Know and Don't Know

Back pain is a common health issue that affects millions of people around the world. It can range from mild discomfort to severe pain and can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. Despite its prevalence, there are still many misconceptions about back pain. In this blog, we will explore what we actually know about back pain.

Back pain is a complex and multifactorial condition. It can have a wide range of causes, including muscle strain, herniated discs, spinal stenosis, arthritis, and osteoporosis. In some cases, back pain can be the result of an injury, such as a fall or a car accident. In other cases, it may develop gradually over time, as a result of poor posture, lack of exercise, or other lifestyle factors.

The symptoms of back pain can vary depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Common symptoms include stiffness, aching, and sharp or shooting pain in the back. Some people may also experience numbness or tingling in the legs or arms, which can indicate a more serious problem.

While back pain can be a difficult condition to diagnose and treat, there are several treatment options available. In most cases, conservative treatments such as physical therapy, exercise, manual therapy, and medication can help manage symptoms and improve mobility. For more severe cases, surgery may be necessary.

Despite the wide range of treatment options available, there are still many unknowns about back pain. For example, there is no single test that can definitively diagnose the cause of back pain. Instead, physiotherapists and health care practitioners must rely on a combination of thorough history taking to understand what are the most common triggers or relieving factors, physical exams, and sometimes imaging tests to make a diagnosis.

One area of ongoing research is the role of genetics in back pain. While there is evidence to suggest that certain genes may be associated with a higher risk of developing back pain, the exact mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Researchers are also exploring the impact of lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise on the development and progression of back pain.

Another area of research is the link between mental health and back pain. There is evidence to suggest that people who experience depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues may be more likely to develop back pain. This may be due to the impact of stress on the body or the fact that people with mental health issues may be less likely to engage in healthy behaviors such as exercise.

Despite ongoing research, there is still much we don’t know about back pain. This can make it challenging for healthcare providers to diagnose and treat the condition effectively. However, by working closely with patients to understand their symptoms and develop personalized treatment plans, healthcare providers can help manage the symptoms of back pain and improve patients’ quality of life.

The non-invasive way to manage back pain: physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is a non-invasive treatment option that can help manage the symptoms of back pain and improve mobility. In this blog, we will explore how physiotherapy can help with back pain.

Physiotherapy is a type of healthcare that focuses on the treatment and management of physical injury and illness. Physiotherapists are trained to assess and diagnose physical problems, develop treatment plans, and provide hands-on therapy to help manage pain and improve mobility.

When it comes to back pain, physiotherapy can be a highly effective treatment option. Physiotherapists use a variety of techniques to help manage the symptoms of back pain, including:

  1. Manual therapy: Physiotherapists use hands-on techniques to help improve mobility and reduce pain. This may include massage, joint mobilization, and spinal manipulation.
  2. Exercise therapy: Physiotherapists develop customized exercise plans to help strengthen the muscles in the back and improve flexibility. This can help reduce the risk of future injury and manage the symptoms of back pain.
  3. Education: Physiotherapists educate patients about proper posture, body mechanics, and ergonomics to help reduce the risk of future injury and manage the symptoms of back pain.
  4. Gunn Intramuscular Stimulation: Physiotherapists trained in IMS can use acupuncture needles to relax tight banded muscles and help improve the mobility in the area, manage pain and improve healing.

One of the biggest advantages of physiotherapy for back pain is that it is a non-invasive treatment option. This means that it can be used as a first-line treatment for back pain, without the need for medication or surgery. This can help reduce the risk of side effects and complications, making it a safe and effective treatment option for many people.

Another advantage of physiotherapy is that it is a personalized treatment option. Physiotherapists work closely with patients to develop customized treatment plans based on their specific symptoms and needs. This means that the treatment plan will be tailored to the individual, taking into account factors such as age, health status, and lifestyle.

Physiotherapy can also be used as a preventative treatment option for back pain. By identifying and addressing physical imbalances and weaknesses, physiotherapists can help reduce the risk of future injury and prevent the onset of back pain.

In conclusion, physiotherapy is a non-invasive treatment option that can be highly effective for managing the symptoms of back pain. Physiotherapists use a variety of techniques, including manual therapy, exercise therapy, education, and Gunn Intramuscular Stimulation, to help improve mobility and reduce pain. Physiotherapy is a safe and personalized treatment option that can be used as a first-line treatment for back pain or as a preventative treatment option. By working closely with a physiotherapist, people with back pain can manage their symptoms, improve their mobility, and reduce the risk of future injury.


This appointment is your opportunity to tell us what hurts and discover whether physiotherapy or chiropractic care is a good fit for you! During this session, you will talk with a physiotherapist or chiropractor on a phone call (or online) and create the right care plan specifically for your pain. There is no obligation on this session is to find out whether physiotherapy or chiropractic care can help you getting back to doing the things you love in life.

Frequently Asked Questions

Back pain can be confused with other conditions such as sciatica, herniated discs, or spinal stenosis. It can also be confused with muscle or joint pain that may be caused by strain or overuse.

The most common type of back pain is lower back pain, also known as lumbago. This is usually caused by strain or overuse of muscles or ligaments in the lower back, or by poor posture or incorrect lifting technique.

Signs of stress-related back pain can include muscular tension, tightness, or stiffness in the back, neck, or shoulders. You may also experience headaches, dizziness, or difficulty concentrating. If you are feeling overwhelmed, anxious, or exhausted, this can also be a sign that your back pain is stress-related.

About Derek Kyle

Derek has been in private practice musculoskeletal Physiotherapist since 2005 and has been casting for and designing custom orthotic footbeds since 2007.  Derek is certified in GunnIMS dry needling since 2014, has completed post graduate Masters coursework in diagnostic imaging for physical therapists in 2014, and has completed his Advanced Diploma in Manipulative Therapy in 2016. Derek has pursued extensive post graduate training in various niches within musculoskeletal physiotherapy such as integrating diagnotic imaging in physiotherapy management of anatomical variations of the spine, core muscles and peripheral joints such as the shoulders, hips, knees, ankles and feet.  Derek has earned certificates in various exercise paradigms for mobility, strengthening, pain science and biomechanics as well as concussion and vestibular assessment and rehabilitation.

Medical Disclaimer:

The information presented in this blog post is for educational purposes and should not be interpreted as medical advice. If you are seeking medical advice, treatment or a diagnosis, consult with a medical professional such as one suggested on this website. The Clinic Accelerator Inc. and the author of this page are not liable for the associated risks of using or acting upon the information contained in this article.

Book Your Free Consult

Or Fill Out This Form & Get A Call Back

By submitting this form you are consenting to receiving appointment reminders, exercise plans, plans of care, and any relevant services from Integra Health Centre and Your email will never be sold and you can unsubscribe at any time.