6 Types of Physiotherapists

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I was talking to a friend recently who was suffering from lower back problems. They were taking painkillers that only offered temporary relief. So I told him you should see a Physiotherapist. He said I thought Physiotherapists only deal with sports injuries. This is what most people think of when dealing with a Physiotherapist. But in reality they specialize in a wide variety of conditions like I’ll show you know. In fact there are 21 different types of Physiotherapists!

In this post we’ll be covering the most common types of physiotherapists. Which conditions they treat successfully so you know which Physiotherapist can help you. 

1. Pediatric Physiotherapist/ Kids Physiotherapist

Pediatric physiotherapists help children and youth, from birth to about 25 years of age to achieve their optimal physical development.

Aimed at helping:

  • gross motor function and posture
  • including strength, gait, flexibility, balance that children need to move through their environment easily and effectively.
  • Help children meet normal development milestones.
  • Create a fitness plan for injury prevention or weight loss

Pediatric physiotherapists treat children in many different ways like manual therapy, hands-on facilitation, education, referrals to other specialists, and/or at home exercise program.edi

Courtesy: https://physioatyourdoorstep.com

2. Sport Physiotherapist / Sports Injury Physiotherapist

A Sports Physiotherapist is dedicated to helping athletes perform at their best. Also help speed up recovery from an injury.

They primarily deal with injury prevention and speeding up recovery for patients and athletes who participate in sports activities. 

A sports physiotherapist assesses the entire kinetic chain that is involved in a specific movement pattern of that sport. Kinetic chain means movement of one joint is produced or affected by movement in another joint… forming a chain. So each athlete will be assessed differently based on their sport.

Sports physiotherapist can help athletes in many ways:


  • Increase your physical strength and muscle
  • Help your body relax
  • Improve performance
  • Speed up recovery after a sports event, injury, or workout
  • Improve joint and muscle flexibility
  • Injury prevention

They’re your go-to for anything sport related!port

Courtesy of movementperfected.com

3. Concussion/TBI Physiotherapist

Most don’t think of a Physiotherapist when it comes to concussions. But Concussion physiotherapists can help concussions in many ways like:

  • Improving balance and stop dizziness
  • Reduce headaches
  • Return to normal activity or sport after concussion

Concussion treatment can involve:

  • manual therapy
  • coordination exercises
  • If neck or spine was affected from concussion a Physio can strengthen neck muscles
  • Balance training
Courtesy of Physioexperts.ca

4. Pelvic Floor Physiotherapist

Pelvic Floor Physiotherapists are trained to assess and treat pelvic floor problems in women, men, and children. 

You see, pelvic floor muscles can become weak, tight or painful that’s not caused by aging. This can happen after pregnancy and it’s rather common in young athletics. When this happens it can cause sexual pain, inability to completely empty your bladder or bowels, incontinence, bedwetting, and organ prolapse.

Pelvic floor physios can help:

  • Strengthen and relax the pelvic floor muscles
  • Bladder and bowel issues.
  • Sexual satisfaction
  • Prepare women for childbirth before and after.
  • Strengthen core and help back problems

Neuro Physiotherapist is a specialized field of Physiotherapy that helps patients suffering from neurological conditions.

Some common conditions treated are:

  • Traumatic brain Injury/head injury
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Bell’s palsy

A physiotherapist helps with these conditions by a phenomenon called neuroplasticity. Which is where the brain is able to rewire itself to learn, relearn tasks, and abilities.  

A Physio will recommend certain movements that cause the brain to form new neural connections that are required to perform that movement.

Check out this slide post to learn the top myths about pelvic physiotherapy:

5. Orthopedic Physiotherapists

Orthopedic Physiotherapists focus on injuries to tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles.

They can successfully treat:

  • Frozen shoulder
  • Bursitis
  • Joint pain in hips, knees, elbows, ankles.
  • Lower back pain
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Arthritis
  • Spinal stenosis

And more

They use a variety of methods to treat patients:

  • Massage
  • Heat or ice modalities
  • Muscle stimulation
  • Exercise
  • Education
  • Joint mobilization

6. Back Pain Physiotherapists

Specialize in injuries and conditions of the back.

They focus on improving the movement and function of your joints and muscles to reduce back pain.

Conditions they can successfully treat:

  • Thoracic Spine Conditions
  • Lower back pain
  • Sciatica
  • Arthritis
  • Herniated disc.
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Spondylosis
  • Pulled muscles
  • Back spasms

There you have it the most common types of physiotherapists and what they do best.  If you’re looking for a Physiotherapist near you. Just click here to view the best physiotherapist near you. Many also do online physiotherapy that you can do from your computer or phone in the comfort of your own home.

Also you might be interested in our new guide called “Ultimate Guide to Sex With Back Pain” by Physio Darryl Yardley, PT.  In this guide you’ll learn how to have great sex without pain. To get it just scroll below.

Check out this slide post to learn tips for managing lower back pain:


They are the same. There is no difference between them.Just a different name to describe.

No, their role is assist doctors in the rehabilitation

A Physiotherapist will assess your movements and diagnose what they think is the problem. 

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